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1. Empirical Research studies This is an article that describes the research that the author conducted on the topic. You will know it is an empirical study you are reading if it includes a Methods and Results section. Most empirical studies will also refer to the paper itself as a "study" usually in the abstract.
2. Literature Reviews Some articles are all about reviewing the work of other authors on a topic. This type of article can be valuable for understanding the history or scholarly dialogue on an issue.
3. Theoretical Work Some articles describe a theoretical viewpoint, for example feminist theory, constructivist theory, or other and discuss a topic through the lens of the theory, citing other sources into the discussion.
4. Opinion Pieces Some articles are based on the opinion or classroom practices of the author without any supporting citations of theory or research.
5. Guides "Guides recommend specific strategies and/or explain how practitioners might implement particular curricula, programs, or models" (Duke & Ward, 2009).
Duke, T. S., & Ward, J. D. (2009). Preparing information literate teachers: A metasynthesis. Library & Information Science Research, 31(4), 247-256.